Woodworking is not just about building a tangible product from scraps of wood. There is more to it than spending hours measuring and cutting wood, gluing, and hammering them together.
While you cannot deny that it is a meticulous process that needs a lot of attention to detail, it is also a rewarding process where you can create anything from nothing.
Fancy machines make your life easier, but hand tools are just as effective. You just need to ensure you have the right ones at your disposal. So, we have accumulated a woodworking hand tool list for newbies and experts that we know you will appreciate.
This is a quick guide that you could as a checklist before you get started on your woodworking journey.
List of Hand Tools for Woodworking
There are tons of products in the market that are listed as ‘must-haves for woodworking,’ which promise to change the way you work. But we have only decided to include the basic appliances that you would need for traditional projects.
1. Marking and Measuring Tools
When cutting and joining wood slabs to create your product, you need to be precise with the layouts and measurements to ensure everything fits and goes where it is supposed to go. To fit your wood joints at the right angle, you need to have squares, combination squares, and sliding bevels.
Dividers or compasses are also required for taking precise measurements, while marking gauges are needed for scribing correct reference lines.
Some appliances have both marking and mortise gauges and give you the flexibility to use the one you need and are cheaper. They are used to mark the mortise and tenon join locations before you cut.
However, if you feel you need an even bigger tool for your current project, you can always get a panel gauge that is used to pinpoint the location to cut by measuring the width of the board.
2. Hand Planes
Hand planes are an important accessory to have while you work. These sharp blades are used to flatten, smoothen, and shape your piece. There are 3 types of hand planes: bench planes, joinery planes, and molding planes.
3. Hand Saws
A woodworker simply cannot do without a handsaw. Handsaws have different teeth shapes and sizes, which determines the result of your work. “Rip” teeth will cut along the grains while “cross-cut” would cut against.
Moreover, the number of teeth per inch also affects the quality of your work. The higher the TPI, the faster you work, but the rougher your surface would be. It is the opposite when you use a lower TPI saw blade.
4. Wood Carving
There are many kinds of chisels available around you, some that sound fancy but more than often end up disappointing. If you plan on sticking with traditional woodworking, for the time being, you only need the three classic versions: bench, mortise, and pairing chisels.
For curved wood carving, there is no better alternative to a carving gouge, which can be used for both green and dry wood. Before you buy, make sure that the steel is sharp and the handle is nice and comfortable to hold.
A chip carving knife is also an important instrument to have in your toolbox. You can use it to chop, carve and whittle.
5. Mallets and Hammers
As a newbie, you might be wondering if you need to buy a mallet or hammer when you can just whack your chisels with something heavy. But an expert woodworker knows that if you do not use a proper tool, you might end up splintering the wooden handles of your chisels.
Metal hammers can be a little aggressive, so you can opt for a small carver’s mallet instead.
6. Hand Drills
While you may already have a handy dandy power drill that has served you faithfully for a very long time, it is time to invest in a good drill. They do a much better job and are way more fun to use. Make sure you have the right brace, Auger bits, drill bits, and eggbeater style hand drill in your setup.
7. Clamps and Glues
You have cut and shaped your boards, and now it is time to fuse them. For this, you must need clamps, such as hand screw, parallel, F-style, pipe, etc., depending on the type of work. Your toolbox must also contain an abundance of screws and nails, as you can never have too many of them.
PVA, Polyurethane, Epoxy, and Cyanoacrylate glues are all used for woodworking and have their purposes, so it is ideal to stock up on them as well.
8. Sharpening Tools
To keep your appliances are in the best condition and remain effective for the longest time, you also need to stock up on the right sharpening tools. There is no right way for sharpening, and you might have to experiment with a few different methods before you find one you like.
9. Wood Finishing
After all the hard work you have put into your furniture, it is time to add the last few touches and prep it for display.
Smoothing planes, scraper planes, sandpapers, fillers, dyes, and stains are equally important alongside the different wood finishing products (oils, waxes, varnishes, etc.) to give your furniture that wow-factor.
10. Wood Router
A router can assist you in transforming rough edges into a range of lovely shapes. It can also be used to create dadoes and grooves, surfacing wood slabs, rabbets, dovetails, mortises, tenons, high woodworking and box joints, among other things. Do you require a large number of copies?
This is not a significant issue for a router or a template. Additionally, it is capable of smoothing the surface, flattening joint edges, carving inscriptions, cutting circles, and drilling holes in a variety of materials, including wood, stone, and metal. You can accomplish a great deal.
So, there you have it. A quick woodworking hand tool list for newbies and experts to get you started on your new journey. These should be enough to create traditional products, but we cannot say the same if you decide to try building something lucrative instead.
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